National Seminar on “Good Governance, Global Justice and Human Rights”

 

At the occasion of International Human Rights Day i.e. December 10, 2014, the Department of Legal Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur, Chhattisgarh, India has organized one day National Seminar. The theme of this national seminar has been “Good Governance, Global Justice and Human Rights.” The objective of the seminar was to investigate relation between good governance, global justice and human rights as to what extent human rights can be protected and promoted through good governance and global justice in this globalizing world; crystallizing true concepts, essentials and perspectives of human rights. In this seminar, academics participated from almost ten States including West Bengal, Odisha, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh. The Patron-in-Chief of this seminar has been Prof. (Dr.) B.L. Sharma, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Sarguja University, Ambikapur, Prof. Madhur Mohan Ranga, Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur has been Patron and Mr. Saman Narayan Upadhyay, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Legal Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur has been the organizing secretary. Mrs. Ritu Sen, I.A.S. and District Magistrate of Sarguja District has graced the occasion as Chief Guest. The keynote speaker of this seminar has been Prof. R.K. Murali, Department of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and chairpersons of technical sessions have been Prof. Madhur Mohan Ranga, Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur, Prof. Manirani Dasgupta, Department of Law, West Bengal University, Kolakata, Prof. Ravi Mor, Nagpur University and Prof. (Dr.) Jyoti Sinha, Principal, Rajmohini Devi Girls Govt. P.G. College, Ambikapur.

Concept Note of the Seminar: Almost six and half decades have been surpassed since the recognition of “common standard of human rights to be achieved by all peoples and nations.” Human Rights have, which was, at a time, a domestic issue, become global issue. Globalization has, began with liberalization, shifted approach from mere recognition to implementation of human rights, by creating a global society rather a shared global society. It has also led to interdependent- interests of the States and has thrust to device the legal institutions, principal economic and social arrangements to determine the fundamental human rights and duties as well as advantages from the social co-operations.  Theoretically, this global society is filled with the “basic structures”, pre-existence of which is presupposed by Rawls for the justice. But, reports are showing that the achievement of global justice is very far from the truth. There are countless hurdles threatening to it, viz., unequal access to the resources, unequal participation in the production, poverty, unhealthy environment, climatic changes, war against humanity, and maladministration etc. Consequently, it is resulting into violation of human rights.

Abovementioned facts and issues were the core of this seminar. Besides it, followings were sub-themes of the seminar-

1.  Universalization of Human Rights.

2.  Human Rights and Good Governance.

3.  E-Governance and Human Rights.

4.  Human Rights in digital world

5.  Global Justice and Human Rights

6.  Environmental Pollution and Human Rights

7.  Climate Change and Human Rights

8.  Transfer of technology and Human Rights

9.  Regionalism and Human Rights

10.Poverty and Human Rights

11. War against humanity and Human Rights

12. Cultural disparity and Human Rights

13. Linguistic challenges and Human Rights

 

Inaugural session-

The seminar begun with the lamp lightening and welcome speech by Prof. Madhur Mohan Ranga, Head, Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur. Welcoming all the academic audience came from different parts of India; Prof. M.M. Ranga has introduced the objectives of the seminar and, sensitizing with the rampant violation of human rights, informed that this seminar aims to investigate the true meaning of human rights and prevailing hurdles in its observance. We talk much about, he said, the human rights and its violations without any concrete understanding. Stretching upon the violations of human rights through the environmental crisis he said that now the time has come work on the grass root level to protect and promote the human rights of the people; for which this national seminar has been called upon to investigate the genuine areas of research in this prospect. He welcomed all the academics to share their valuable researches.

Professor R.K. Murali, Department of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi has, in his keynote speech, traced the origin of human rights and its relation with the good governance and global justice. He said that these human rights are available to the human beings since very beginning and has strengthened against the State with the strengthening of the concept of State. Emphasizing upon the theory of utilitarianism and theory of justice he described that how human rights could have been saved from the play hands of the Realm. He described the Bentham’s theory of utility and explained that how this theory had tended to diminish the human rights of the people and endangered its existence. It had given coercive powers to the State in the name of bringing pleasure to the majority at the cost of pain to the minority. It had no fixed parameter of justice except the calculus of pain and pleasure. It had tested validity of law on this calculus and caused grievous danger to the human rights of the people rendering hotchpotch in the legal arena. It has lead, he said, advent of theory of justice as to socio-economic-political. This theory of justice has become test of validity of law and bygone the shaking theory of utility. With the emergence of theory of justice, he said, the human rights came in its real shape and got deeper recognition against the State actions. Prof. Murali said that in this globalized world the society has become a shared society and interests have become inter-depending. Only good governance and global justice can be useful tools to protect and promote human rights of the people. He has given examples to illustrate the usefulness of the good governance and global justice to protect and promote human rights in this globalized world. He put the track of day long legal discourse on the theme and sub-themes of the seminar. He delivered keynote speech for approximately fourty five minutes.

Thanking to the Sarguja University and organizers of the seminar to organize such meaningful seminar, Mrs. Ritu Sen, I.A.S. and District Magistrate of Sarguja District, Chief Guest of the inaugural session, said that this seminar has remembered to her the campus of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi where such advanced academic environment is. Citing her field experiences she said that in this globalized world, where economic development has been rampant, protection and promotion of human rights are at stake. Human rights are still far from the vulnerable groups in the States like Chhattisgarh. Appreciating contributions of Government machinery in this area, she has welcomed academics to sensitize and educate the populace towards good governance, global justice and human rights and to submit their valuable research works in this respect. She has given all assurances to the academics of Sarguja University to carry out its mission in this field.

Mr. R.K. Chauhan, Registrar of the Sargua University, Ambikapur has congratulated to the Department of Legal Studies and Mr. Saman Narayan Upadhyay, Assistant professor in Law to organize this wonderful National Seminar. Appreciating valuable academic contributions of Prof. (Dr.) B.L. Sharma, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Sarguja University, Ambikapur in the University and law academics, he remembered the originating idea this seminar and said that he will be always available for the development of University in general and academia in particular. He thanked to all participants for coming in the seminar and wished for a pleasant day long legal discourse.

At the end of the inaugural session, Mr. Saman Narayan Upadhyay, Assistant professor and Head, Department of Legal Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur has extended vote of thanks to the dignitaries on the chair and off the chair. He acknowledged the views of Prof. M.M. Ranga, Prof. R.K. Murali, Mrs. Ritu Sen and Mr. R.K. Chauhan.

Technical Sessions- There were two parallel technical sessions in this national seminar. Technical Session-I was chaired by Prof. M.M. Ranga and co-chaired by Prof. R.K. Murali and Prof. (Dr.) Jyoti Sinha; and Technical Session-II was chaired by Prof. (Dr.) Manirani Dasgupta and Prof. (Dr.) Ravi Mor.

Technical Session-I had contained following sub-themes-

1.      Universalization of Human Rights.

2.      Human Rights and Good Governance.

3.      E-Governance and Human Rights.

4.      Human Rights in digital world

5.      Global Justice and Human Rights

6.      Environmental Pollution and Human Rights

7.      Climate Change and Human Rights

 

Sixty research papers have, including academics and students, been presented in this technical session. Sub-themes of this session have genuinely justified by the researchers. They have brilliantly covered their areas of research work. Dr. Akhilesh Kumar Dwivedi, Alish Badra Roy, Sheikh Sultan Aadil Huque, Debmita Mondal, Nimisha Mishra and Vikash Kumar Upadhyay had been prominent speaker of the session. This session has been more interesting when Prof. Ranga has read the research paper of his colleague Dr. Prakash Gupta which was plenary based upon the empirical research. This paper has attracted attention of the gathering towards human rights of stone grinders in Rajasthan and analysed the piteous condition thereof; and also examined the inadequate attention of State government towards the human rights of stone grinders. Prof. Ravi Mor has presented his research. Prof. Mor has categorically emphasized that we are looking towards the government for every crisis whereas we are equally responsible, thus better answer could come from us only. He administered oath to all participants to observe human rights for all.

 

Technical Session-II had contained following sub-themes-

1.      Transfer of technology and Human Rights

2.      Regionalism and Human Rights

3.      Poverty and Human Rights

4.      War against humanity and Human Rights

5.      Cultural disparity and Human Rights

6.      Linguistic challenges and Human Rights

Thirty five research papers had been presented in this session. Prof. C.L. Patel, Head of Department of Law, Pt. Ravishanker University, Raipur presented his research paper on education of human rights. Prof. Patel has examined the role of National Human Rights Commission for human rights education. He emphasized that still there are more works to be done in this respect. Some other prominent presenters were Mrs Ejjen Toppo, Ms. Vina Pathak, Dr. Chndrashekhar Patel, Mr. Chandrasen Pratap Singh, Dr. Atul Tiwari, Dr. B.P. Tiwari, Mr. S.N. Upadhyay, Mr. Rajendra Xess, Mr. Lallan Kumar Pandey and Mr. Rahul Singh. Mr. S.N. Upadhyay has, presenting his paper, emphasized upon the health sector wherein the government has set certain targets for the government health service providers which resulting into violation of human rights of the people relating to their right to good health. Core of his paper was ‘target driven sterilization in Chhattisgarh and human rights of the victims’. He put recent incidents relating to the target driven sterilization in Chhattisgarh which resulted into death of seventeen women.

 

 

Valedictory Session

The valedictory session was chaired by Prof. (Dr.) B.L. Sharma, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Sarguja University, Ambikapur and co-chaired by Prof. R.K. Murali, Department of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Prof. Madhur Mohan Ranga, Head of Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur and Mr. Saman Narayan Upadhyay, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Legal Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur.

In his valedictory speech Prof. Sharma has congratulated to the Department of Legal Studies to organize such wonderful national seminar and to all academic audience for day long successful discourse on good governance, global justice and human rights. Appreciating research works and understanding of the gathering, he advised that one should have clear understanding of human rights which is different than the popular and illustrative considerations altogether. Prof. Sharma told that there are certain essentials of human rights such as right holder- human being only, right obligator- State only, which is capable, and legal relation between right holder and obligator. Absence of either will render only a moral right not a human right. Defining human rights, Prof. Sharma told that human rights are the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity and other rights relating to either of these. He has given examples of misunderstood human rights viz. right to information, right to health, right to education and right to found family etc. These rights, he said, could be tool to protect and promote human rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity but they are not human rights in themselves. Emphasizing upon the theories of Kant and John Rawls, he advanced the overwhelming concept of shared and seamless society in this globalized world and recognized the need of good governance and global justice as a tool to protect and promote human rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity. He has congratulated to the gathering to have day long discourse in the right direction and asked for more research work in these areas.

 

Mr. Saman Narayan Upadhyay, Assistant professor and Head, Department of Legal Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur has summed up the seminar and extended vote of thanks. Summarizing to the day long discourse Mr. Upadhyay has opined that this seminar has been successful in terms of sharing research works of all participants and arriving with the issues for the future research works. He said that research works of most of the participants show that the good governance and global justice are the sole tools to protect and promote human rights in this shared global society where there exist interdependent interests of the peoples’. In the series of vote of thanks Mr. Upadhyay has extended his vote of thank to Prof. (Dr.) B.L. Sharma, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Sarguja University, Ambikapur requesting to bring on record his valuable suggestions to conduct this seminar at several stages; to Prof. Madhur Mohan Ranga, Head, Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur for his continuous valuable suggestions to make this event successful; to Mr. R.K. Chauhan, Registrar of the Sargua University, Ambikapur  for his administrative support; to Prof. (Dr.) R. K Murali to accept the request to deliver keynote speech; to Prof. (Dr.) Manirani Dasgupta and Dr. Ravi Mor to accept the invitation to chair the technical sessions; to Dr. R.N Khare, Principal of Vishwavidyalaya Engineering College, Lakhanpur for his assistance in the seminar; to Dr. B. P. Tiwari, Mr. H.S.P. Tondey, Dr. Neha Sharma, Dr. Arnab Banerjee and all faculty members of University Teaching Department of Sarguja University and Vishwavidyalaya Engineering College, Lakhanpur. Mr. Upadhyay has categorically brought on record contributions of Mr. Joystu Dutta, Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Studies, Sarguja University, Ambikapur in this seminar, who has worked very hard to conduct this event. In the last, but not the least he has extended his vote of thank to the participants and students.

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